The Stuart Royal Family

About the Royal House of Stuart

The House of Stuart, originally spelled Stewart, was a royal house of Scotland, England, Ireland and later Great Britain. The family name comes from the office of High Steward of Scotland, which had been held by the family progenitor Walter fitz Alan (c.1150). The name Stewart and variations had become established as a family name by the time of his grandson Walter Stewart. The first monarch of the Stewart line was Robert II, whose male-line descendants were kings and queens in Scotland from 1371, and of England, Ireland and Great Britain from 1603, until 1714. Mary, Queen of Scots (r.1542-1567), was brought up in France where she adopted the French spelling of the name Stuart.

Coat of arms of
King James VI and I
Coat of arms of
The Stuart Prince of Wales

and the Coat of arms of Scotland, 1610–1688


In 1503, James IV married Margaret Tudor, thus linking the reigning royal houses of Scotland and England. Margaret's niece, Elizabeth I of England died without issue in 1603, and James IV's and Margaret's great-grandson James VI of Scotland succeeded to the thrones of England and Ireland as James I in the Union of the Crowns. The Stuarts were monarchs of Britain and Ireland and its growing empire until the death of Queen Anne in 1714, except for the period of the Commonwealth between 1649 and 1660.

In total, nine Stewart/Stuart monarchs ruled Scotland alone from 1371 until 1603, the last of whom was James VI, before his accession in England. Two Stuart queens ruled the isles following the Glorious Revolution in 1688: Mary II and Anne. Both were the Protestant daughters of James VII and II by his first wife Anne Hyde and the great-grandchildren of James VI and I. Their father had converted to Catholicism and his new wife gave birth to a son in 1688, who was to be brought up as a Roman Catholic; so James was deposed by Parliament in 1689, in favour of his daughters. However, neither daughter had any children who survived to adulthood, so the crown passed to the House of Hanover on the death of Queen Anne in 1714 under the terms of the Act of Settlement 1701 and the Act of Security 1704. The House of Hanover had become linked to the House of Stuart through the line of Elizabeth Stuart, Queen of Bohemia.

After the loss of the throne, the descendants of James VII and II continued for several generations to attempt to reclaim the Scottish and English (and later British) throne as the rightful heirs, their supporters being known as Jacobites. Since the early 19th century, when the James II direct line failed, there have been no active claimants from the Stuart family. UNTIL NOW. Their is one distant Jacobite heir to the claims of the historical Stuart monarchs is a distant cousin Franz, Duke of Bavaria, of the House of Wittelsbach. The senior living member of the royal Stewart family, descended in a legitimate male line from Robert II of Scotland, is Andrew Richard Charles Stuart, 9th Earl Castle Stewart

There is also a third and Catholic heir that descends from King David himself, and the Royal Stuart / O' Donovan Line which descends from Robert I of Scotland on the grandfathers side, and from Edward III on the grandmothers side, who descends naturally through Francis Stuart, 5th Earl Bothwell, son of John Stuart, 1st Lord Darnley and Prior of Coldingham Abbey, who was son of King James V of Scotland via his mistress Elizabeth Carmichael, upon which John Stuart was legitmated by His Majesty, King James V of Scotland and thus preserved the royal blood of the Stuarts via reserve royal line.

This descent merged with the Irish Crown descended in an unbroken line from Mileisus, father of the Irish Race, on the grandfathers side, this line also merged with the Douglas line. On the grandmothers side there are three lines that descend from Edward III and fold back in on each other creating a distinct line of descent, to which such descent grants automatic right to entitlement to be a legimate claimant to the Crown.

This is James Robert-Warwick Shaun York-Plantagenet Stuart. James mother (in which he descends, exactly like Charles III), passed several months before ER II, and this important fact means that James Stuart, succeeded as head of the O'Donovan-Stuart branch of the Royal House of Stuart, prior to the appiointment of Charles III according to the Act of Settlement 1701, and thus became the dejure Catholic monarch of Great Britain upon the lawful ascension following the passing of the mother of His Royal Highness, James Robert-Warwick Shaun. York-Plantagenet Stuart according to law.

Coat of arms of James IX and IV, 1993 (Succeeded 2023) – Present Day

The Ancestral Families of:
Catholic Heir to the Throne of Great Britain.

  • Ancestors of King James IX